Texts in Process 2021-01-24T20:01:52+00:00 Esperanza R. Alcaide Lara Open Journal Systems <p><em>Texts Process</em> (<strong>TEP</strong>) publishes scientific materials on language and linguistics of Spanish.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> accepts working papers, drafts of partial research results, conference presentations, technical reports or research records.&nbsp;All manuscripts are reviewed and approved by members of the Editorial Committee, the Academic Committee and through a double-blind peer-review process involving international experts.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> publishes one volume per year, with two issues in July and December.&nbsp;<strong>TEP</strong> is an electronic open access publication charges for authors without charges or embargoes to authors or readers.</p> Preliminares 2021-01-10T18:20:13+00:00 Ana Pano Alamán Esperanza Alcaide Lara 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Introduction 2021-01-24T20:01:45+00:00 Susana Guerrero Salazar Carmen Marimón Llorca 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Lexical evolution within the RAE’s Dictionary through language columns: Casares and “La Academia española trabaja” 2021-01-24T20:01:44+00:00 Dolores Azorín Fernández María Isabel Santamaría Pérez <p>The aim of this article is to analyze the new lexical units collected in Julio Casares’s articles titled “La Academia Española trabaja”, published in the newspaper ABC, between 1959 and 1964. Our specific objective is to evaluate the typology of the new words selected by the Academy to enter the nineteenth edition of the <em>DRAE</em> (1970). We want to verify the first appearance of these units in Spanish dictionary and their presence in the academic corpus to establish the criteria followed by the Academy to their inclusion.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Resources for the relevance of openings and closures within language columns in the press 2021-01-24T20:01:48+00:00 Luis Cortés Rodríguez <p>The journalistic column genre has great freedom of disposition and style, which makes it very difficult to any attempt any formal regulation. However, after considering one of the guidelines suggested by the editors of this monographic volume –the one that refers to expressive resources and linguistic-discursive structures used in journalistic texts–, we conceived the possibility of analysing some aspects that would serve to regulate, in some way, the one hundred and two columns that, on linguistic issues, were collected in the book <em>El habla nuestra de cada día</em> (Cortés, 2019). The analysis of these columns showed two outstanding ideas: a) the author's concern for the relevance of openings and closings, and b) the constant repetition of the different resources used in both sequences throughout the columns. The article takes a careful look at those resources were and their function in discourse.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Humour and linguistic registers: an analysis of the press columns "Cuarentena en la España vacía" by Daniel Gascón 2021-01-24T20:01:49+00:00 María Elena Gómez Sánchez <p>Between August 7th and 12<sup>th</sup> 2020, Daniel Gascón, writer, editor in Spain of the magazine <em>Letras Libres</em> and columnist in the newspaper <em>El País,</em> published on the latter six texts on the adventures of Enrique Notivol, the main character of his novel <em>Un hipster en la España vacía</em> (published by Random house in June 2020). With the tools provided by discourse analysis, our aim is to analyse those six literary columns, focusing on some of the linguistic mechanisms that characterize their humoristic approach (among which some specific references to linguistic concepts) appear, as well as on the registers used by the characters, in order to study some linguistic imaginaries and the way in which they can appear on newspapers.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## "Los dardos" (The darts) of Lázaro carreter to gender language 2021-01-24T20:01:50+00:00 Susana Guerrero Salazar <p>This article carries out a pragmatic qualitative analysis of a corpus compound of opinion columns on language (CSL), by Fernando Lázaro Carreter, which are included in <em>El dardo en la palabra </em>(1997) and <em>El nuevo dardo en la palabra</em> (2003). The study is based on linguistic ideology and methodological proposals for Critical Discourse Analysis. These columns, originally published in the press, deal with the feminisation of language (CSLM). The objective of this article is to determine which issues are dealt in these opinion columns, how they relate to their historical contexts and how they show Lázaro Carreter’s ideological identity. We find that <em>El nuevo dardo</em> introduces two topics that did not appear in the first book: on the one hand, equal alternatives (mainly the unfolded forms of political discourse) and, on the other hand, the use of the Spanish term for <em>gender</em>: <em>género</em>. In order to show his disagreement with both issues, Lázaro Carreter presents the same arguments that the Spanish Language Academy later used in its reference works and through the media and social networks, thus becoming the leader of the Academy arguments against gender inclusive language in opinion journalism.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## "A Dictionary should not close its eyes to reality". Metaphors on language and ideology within academic language columnism 2021-01-24T20:01:47+00:00 Carmen Marimón Llorca <p>The use of figurative language presupposes a high level of reflexivity about language –hence its metalinguistic nature –and always operates in a given social and linguistic context. It is this last aspect that provides an ideological dimension to the use of certain resources. Indeed, different authors (Goatly, 2007; Bernel, 2007) have highlighted the argumentative functionality of metaphors insofar as they provide a scenario of understanding –domains of origin– which, in some way, condition the way in which a certain concept is to be received by speakers. The aim of this work is to analyse the discursive functionality of metalinguistic metaphors in a corpus of texts made up of columns about language written by academic authors. The work shows the role played by metaphors as argumentative elements, the extent to which they contribute to the construction of a specific way of presenting language and, consequently, their contribution to the transmission of an imaginary about language and about the Academy that justifies the institutional activity in which they are involved.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sexist discourse in opinion articles. (Generic masculine, morphological divisions and lexical duplicities) 2021-01-24T20:01:51+00:00 José Joaquín Martínez Egido <p>Sexist discourse is a recurring theme in opinion articles and in columns of the Spanish press, as it is a controversial issue and a clear carrier of ideology. The aim of this paper, from the perspective of the metalinguistic analysis of the texts, has been to identify the treatment and position of the columnists in the Spanish press before the sexist discourse; specifically in relation to the generic masculine, to the morphological unfoldments and to the lexical duplicities. The methodology used has consisted of a review of 150 articles and columns published in the Spanish press in the last 20 years that have dealt with this issue to configure the columnist's position, their attitude and the linguistic resources they use for it. The conclusions obtained reveal that opinions range from the most purist position to the one most open to any possibility, but also that, as time progresses and with it the need for the visibility of women, the position before these phenomena is closer to acceptance of pampering.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On the evaluative component of verbal predicates in debates on non-sexist language and gramatical resources 2021-01-24T20:01:46+00:00 María Antonia Martínez Linares <p>The aim of this work is to inquire into the negative assessments provided by some verbal predicates on the use of certain grammatical resources&nbsp; to extend inclusive language, like gender doublets, but also on those who reject or promote those resources. To this end, I have analysed the negative value components provided by verbal predicates in&nbsp; texts from blogs, press articles and language journals reflecting two mixed positions on these topics. This analysis has highligthed some of the shared ideas or beliefs regarding “the others” from both positions. The analysis has also made it possible to verify that negative evaluations are not limited to the effects that these grammatical proposals may have on the functioning of the language, even when this aspect is one of the main objects of criticism for one of the sides of the debate. In accordance with the social implications of the problem, both parties extend their negative evaluations to the actions of groups, institutions, people who support or criticize the proposals and to the effects that this procedure may have on society.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Polyphonic markers within language columns in the Spanish press 2021-01-24T20:01:52+00:00 Ana Pano Alamán <p>This paper presents the results of a first qualitative analysis of the main indicators of polyphony within a corpus of Columns on language (CSL) published in the Spanish press (1959-2019). Based on the polyphonic theory assumptions, this study aims at identifying the main polyphonic marks employed within these opinion articles, where certain linguistic uses of Spanish are described and evaluated, as well as detecting the discursive functions that polyphonic sentences perform in the same texts. The results show that the authors of these columns combine different linguistic means and discursive strategies, such as the direct and indirect reproduction of others’ discourses, as well as dialogic perspectivism strategies, interrogative statements, and verbal irony. They put these strategies at the service of argumentation for or against certain linguistic uses, and of persuasion, in order to establish a sort of complicity with the reader.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The language pillars. Times passing and language columns 2021-01-24T20:01:49+00:00 Dolors Poch Olivé <p>This paper aims to analyze the columns about the language written by Fernando Araujo and Javier Marías, the first of them between the 19th and 20th centuries and the second between the 20th and 21st centuries. As will be seen, although they are separated by a distance of one hundred years, the two authors share the same concerns about linguistic correctness and even treat the same problems in their journalistic collaborations. The paper reflex on the effect of the passage of time on linguistic columns.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Language columns about political communication of Marqués de Tamarón and Álex Grijelmo: the “language” of politians in question 2021-01-24T20:01:45+00:00 Carmen Sánchez Manzanares <p>The objective of this paper is to investigate the analysis of political communication carried out in the columns on language published in Spanish newspapers after the political period known as the <em>Transition</em>. For this study, we have selected two columnists, the Marqués de Tamarón and Álex Grijelmo, who write, respectively, in the eighties of the twentieth century and in the first decades of the twenty-first. We have examined their treatment of the resources and strategies indicated in discourse analysis and linguistic pragmatics to characterize the political uses of language. The results of our analysis show that the Marqués de Tamarón opts for a sociological characterization of the “incorrect” speech of politicians, while Grijelmo is more interested in the legitimacy of the speech of political actors. We can conclude that the linguistic discussion presented in these columns is not solely motivated by the purposes of the metalinguistic genre to which they are assigned. In the case of the Marqués de Tamarón, the purpose is to interpret the social changes that induce jargon used by politicians, while in Grijelmo’s case, it is the manipulation of the political events referred to in the discourse.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##